How Are Bankart Lesions Diagnosed?

Bankart lesions frequently occur in shoulder dislocations, with the most commonly cited symptoms including: 

  • Painful sensations
  • Weakness/Instability
  • Affected mobility
  • Mechanical dysfunction 

Since labrum damage shares many symptoms with different types of shoulder injuries like rotator cuff tears and SLAP lesions, a thorough examination conducted by a specialized physician is necessary to diagnose Bankart lesions properly

MRI and CT scans are the preferred methods to identify Bankart lesions because of their ability to evaluate ligament displacement under the shoulder socket. Physicians obtain a better image of the sustained labrum damage by inserting a contrast medium between the socket and damaged ligaments. Bankart lesions that also include bone damage can also be identified using radiographs

Depending on the injury's pathology and the extent of the damage, evaluating physicians may initially recommend conservative treatment methods, like:

  • Rest and joint immobilization
  • Light rehab exercises 
  • Anti-inflammatory medication

If symptoms fail to subside following this approach and shoulder instability remains an issue, Bankart repair surgery may be needed to reattach a damaged labrum.