Perhaps the most common cause of ankle instability is incomplete healing after the foot rolls under the ankle during a sprain. This leads to the soft tissue between the bones becoming overstretched or torn.
Without adequate treatment, the ligaments and surrounding tissue will remain weak.
Repeated episodes of “giving out” is a condition known as chronic ankle instability. Luckily, most patients are good candidates for arthroscopic foot and ankle surgery, which will solve their problem to a substantial extent, if not entirely, depending on how severe their condition is. When someone sprains their ankle, the ligaments are stretched or torn. Their ability to balance is typically affected.
Also known as keyhole surgery, arthroscopic surgery for the foot and ankle is performed by making 2 or 3 small incisions. This will enable the orthopedic surgeon to assess the problem and subsequently treat it. The surgery is usually carried out on an outpatient basis, which allows the patient to go home the same day.
After the surgery, the tiny incisions will be closed with a stitch, and the surgeon will apply a bulky, well-padded dressing on each. Following the procedure, the foot and ankle should be numb and pain-free. The patient will need to use crutches for the first several days. After 10 days, they will have to come to a follow-up appointment. Physiotherapy may be recommended and will begin after 10 days, too.
The following are some of the most notable benefits of undergoing arthroscopic surgery for foot and ankle injuries:
The patient will feel tired for several days, which is completely normal. Their ankle and leg will be swollen, and they may notice their skin is a different color near the incisions. This is normal and will go away in a few days. It is advisable for the patient to keep their leg higher than their heart, as this will help the swelling and pain.
The recovery process will depend on how complex the surgery was. The patient may have to limit their activity until their ankle strength and movement are back to normal. They will also need to do regular physical rehabilitation exercises. Follow-up care is a crucial part of the treatment and safety. So, patients should go to all their follow-up appointment and immediately call their physician or surgeon if they are having problems.
Most patients can return to their usual level of activity within 6 to 12 weeks. Recovery and joint strength will continue to improve, and the recovery time varies with the extent of the damage and surgery. Complete recovery after ankle instability surgery may take 6 to 12 months, after which patients can resume their high-impact exercises and sports.